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Home / Skin Health Center / Hyperpigmentation / Dark Spots on the Forehead and Hyperpigmentation

Dark Spots on the Forehead and Hyperpigmentation

By: Dan Ketchum , Reviewed By: Dr. Emmy Graber

woman inspecting her forehead

Hyperpigmentation — which loves to live on the forehead in the form of dark spots — strikes when your skin produces an excess of melanin, the pigment that produces skin color. Causes range from sunlight exposure to hormonal changes (including pregnancy) to the aftermath of inflammation. But when it comes to off-the-shelf treatment, the solution is topical: Turn to helpful skin brighteners to help fade dark spots on your forehead back to your normal coloration.

Food for Thought

Modern topical treatments often rely on safe and gentle natural ingredients to ease hyperpigmentation. Soy creams, sprays and lotions inhibit melanin transfer, while ellagic acid acts as an antioxidant and diminishes melanin production. The latter might sound severe, but it actually derives from fruits like cherries, strawberries and pomegranates. Arbutin, another berry derivative, also works as a skin-lightening agent, especially at a 3 percent concentration. While it might be the darkest of candies, licorice in the form of licorice root or liquirtin has a similar lightening effect.

Additional Ingredients

Hydroquinone — a time-tested crystalline compound that curbs melanin production — serves as one of the most prominent skin-lightening agents in the fight against hyperpigmented skin. Most over-the-counter formulations come in variety of gels, lotions and creams with a 2 percent concentration, while prescription versions contain higher concentrations. Like soy, the B-3 vitamin (niacinamide) stops melanosomes (packages of melanin) from reaching the upper layer of the skin. If you don't fear fungus, natural fungal elements lingnin peroxidase and kojic acid also make their way into effective topical skin-lightening treatments.

Ramp Up Your Regimen

Even as you incorporate a skin-brightening treatment into your skin-care routine, don't neglect the basics; daily moisturizing is not only the foundation of healthy skin care, it's essential to encouraging cell turnover. In other words, keeping your skin hydrated helps your body create new forehead skin cells that aren't hyperpigmented. In particular, keep an eye out for moisturizers that feature hyaluronic acid or glycerin that both give skin cell production a hearty boost.

Preventive Practices

Skin damage left behind by irritation and inflammation can lead to hyperpigmentation, so if spots appear on your forehead, follow your mom's old advice: Don't touch it. Otherwise, picking, scratching or popping can lead to long-term skin discoloration. Whether you seek to prevent future hyperpigmentation or treat current dark spots, always protect your forehead — and the rest of your face and body — with a powerful, broad-spectrum sunscreen. Protecting your skin from UV and UVA rays help keep new spots from forming and prevents current dark spots from getting darker.

This article has been reviewed by board-certified dermatologist Dr. Emmy Graber.

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